Men and Things, Women and People: A Meta-Analysis of Sex Differences in Interests

Source: Iowa State University

  • Results showed that men prefer working with things and women prefer working with people, producing a large effect size on the Things–People dimension. The study suggests that interests may play a critical role in gendered occupational choices and gender disparity in the STEM fields.
  • Men showed stronger Realistic and Investigative interests. Sex differences favoring men were also found for more specific measures of engineering, science, and mathematics interests.
  • Women showed stronger Artistic, Social, and Conventional interests.

The More Gender Equality, the Fewer Women in STEM

Source: The Atlantic

  • Only 27% of Computer Science students in the United States are female just 18% of Computer Science degrees go to women. Meanwhile, in Algeria, where employment discrimination against women is rife, 41% of STEM college graduates are female.
  • According to a paper from the University of Missouri, it could be because women in countries with higher gender inequality are seeking the clearest possible path to financial freedom.
  • Looking at test scores across 67 countries and regions, girls performed about as well or better than boys did on science in most countries. But when it comes to their relative strengths, in almost all the countries boys’ best subject was science, and girls’ was reading.
  • Gender-equal countries have higher “overall life satisfaction” ratings. It’s not that gender equality discourages girls from pursuing science. It’s that it allows them not to if they’re not interested.

Incivility at Work: Is ‘Queen Bee Syndrome’ Getting Worse?

Source: University of Arizona

  • Across the three studies, consistent evidence was found that women reported higher levels of incivility from other women than their male counterparts. In other words, women are ruder to each other than they are to men, or than men are to women.
  • The research showed that women who defied gender norms by being more assertive and dominant at work were more likely to be targeted by their female counterparts, compared to women who exhibited fewer of those traits.
  • Evidence emerged that companies may face a greater risk of losing female employees who experience female-instigated incivility, as they reported less satisfaction at work and increased intentions to quit their current jobs in response to these unpleasant experiences.

Evidence From Norway Shows Gender Quotas Don’t Work For Women

Source: The Federalist

  • The data on corporate profitability and corporate governance is inconclusive. Some companies saw improvement in both areas but some didn’t. Data shows that the substance of decisions and the quality of decision didn’t improve by simply having more women on boards.
  • Some corporations reached for less qualified and less experienced women to meet the quota, which doesn’t help improving corporate performance or governance.
  • The quota has benefited a small group of women who are already high achievers and are at the top of corporate hierarchies. It had no discernible beneficial effect on women at lower levels of the corporate hierarchy.

Does Work Make Mothers Happy?

Source: Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences

  • Homemakers are generally happier than full-time workers. No significant differences between homemakers and part-time workers were found.
  •  Contrary to expectations, homemaking was positively associated with happiness particularly among mothers who left higher quality employment for childcare.