The Behavioral Ecology of Male Violence

Source: Quillette

  • Globally, men are 95% of homicide offenders and 79% of victims. Only in countries with very low (and decreasing) homicide rates female victims constitute an increasing share of total victims.
  • Violent conflict is more likely to reduce a female’s fitness, bringing unnecessary danger to her offspring, or cause an injury that may prevent her from reproducing. For a male, violent conflict can potentially increase his reproductive success through increases in status, or by monopolizing access to key resources.
  • There are other factors where we see an association with lethal conflict, such as the link between polygyny and war. Terrorist organizations have exploited marriage inequality among young males for recruits. When some males monopolize access to wealth or mates, young males who are left out may behave violently to try and distinguish themselves, competing for control of such resources.

The More Gender Equality, the Fewer Women in STEM

Source: The Atlantic

  • Only 27% of Computer Science students in the United States are female just 18% of Computer Science degrees go to women. Meanwhile, in Algeria, where employment discrimination against women is rife, 41% of STEM college graduates are female.
  • According to a paper from the University of Missouri, it could be because women in countries with higher gender inequality are seeking the clearest possible path to financial freedom.
  • Looking at test scores across 67 countries and regions, girls performed about as well or better than boys did on science in most countries. But when it comes to their relative strengths, in almost all the countries boys’ best subject was science, and girls’ was reading.
  • Gender-equal countries have higher “overall life satisfaction” ratings. It’s not that gender equality discourages girls from pursuing science. It’s that it allows them not to if they’re not interested.